Tag Archives: extreme el niño

Learning From an Extreme El Niño

2015-2016 extreme el nino
The 2015-2016 extreme El Niño brought drought and fire to Indonesia. Smoke from extensive and uncontrollable forest fires blankets southern Borneo in October 2015. It spread westward causing severe haze over Singapore and Malaysia. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MISR instrument team

A recent paper in Reviews of Geophysics describes new scientific insights on the El Niño-Southern Oscillation from analysis of the 2015-2016 extreme El Niño

January 10, 2018 — The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle is a periodic change in the ocean-atmosphere system of the tropical Pacific Ocean but which has knock-on effects on weather around
the world. In an article recently published in Reviews in Geophysics, Santoso et al. [2017] examined the 2015-2016 El Niño event which was particularly extreme. The editor asked one of the authors to explain the characteristics of that El Niño and what scientists learned from it. Continue reading Learning From an Extreme El Niño

Extreme El Niño events more frequent even if warming limited to 1.5C – report

extreme el niño
The risk of extreme El Niño events would rise from five events per century to 10 by 2050 under a scenario that presumes warming peaks at 1.5C by that year. Photograph: Alamy

Modelling suggests Australia would face more frequent drought-inducing weather events beyond any climate stabilisation

July 25, 2017 — Extreme El Niño events that can cause crippling drought in Australia are likely to be far more frequent even if the world pulls off mission improbable and limits global warming to 1.5°C. Continue reading Extreme El Niño events more frequent even if warming limited to 1.5C – report

‘Extreme’ El Niños to double in frequency under 1.5C of warming, study says

floodwaters along the pearl and leaf rivers
Aerial view of homes submerged in floodwaters along the Pearl and Leaf Rivers after record breaking storms dumped rain across the deep south, 13/03/2016, St Tammany Parish, Louisiana. Credit: US Army Photo/Alamy Stock Photo.

The El Niño event of 2015-16 was one of the strongest on record, bringing flooding to much of South America, southern US and East Africa, and severe drought to Australia and southeast Asia

July 24, 2017 — Now a new study, published in Nature Climate Change, suggests that similar “extreme” El Niño events could become more frequent as global temperatures rise. Continue reading ‘Extreme’ El Niños to double in frequency under 1.5C of warming, study says