Higher temperatures as a result of industrialization blamed for the acceleration, as scientists warn of potential for 131cm rise by year 2100
March 10, 2016 — Sea levels are rising several times faster than they have in the past 2,800 years, with the process accelerating because of man-made global warming, according to new studies.
An international team of scientists examined two dozen locations across the globe to chart rising and falling seas over centuries and millennia.
Until the 1880s and the world’s industrialization, the fastest seas rose was about 3cm to 4cm a century. During that time global sea levels did not get much higher or lower than 7.6cm above or below the 2,000-year average. But in the 20th century the world’s seas rose 14cm.
Two different studies published on Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences said that by 2100 the world’s oceans would rise between 28cm to 131cm, depending on how much heat-trapping gas Earth’s industries and vehicles expel.
Rutgers earth and planetary sciences professor Bob Kopp, lead author of the study, which looked back at sea levels over the past three millennia, said: “There’s no question that the 20th century is the fastest.
“It’s because of the temperature increase in the 20th century which has been driven by fossil fuel use.”
Sea level rise in the 20th century was mostly manmade, the study authors said. A separate, not-yet-published study by Kopp and others found that since 1950 about two-thirds of the US coastal floods in 27 locales were linked to manmade warming.
Study co-author Stefan Rahmstorf, of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in Germany, said that if seas continued to rise as projected, another 45cm would cause lots of problems and expense, especially with surges during storms.
“There is such a tight relationship between sea level and temperature,” Horton said. “I wish there wasn’t, then we wouldn’t be as worried.”
If greenhouse gas pollution continues at the current pace, both studies project increases of about 57cm to 131cm. If countries fulfil the treaty agreed upon last year in Paris and limit further warming to another 2°F, sea level rise would be in the 28 to 56cm range.
Jonathan Overpeck at the University of Arizona, who wasn’t part of the studies, praised them, saying they show a clear cause and effect between warming and sea level rise.