Disaster Risk-Sensitive Shelter Planning
EVIDENCED-BASED, PARTICIPATIVE, ENGAGED
A planning process that puts the participation of the local community at the core of its framework.
Its process focuses on strengthening the capacity of communities to manage disaster risk reduction through planning for risk-sensitive shelter.
Household and communities come to understand that, aside from the occurrence of hazard (caused by natural phenomena or human-induced), it is there presence of exposure in the hazard area that affects lives and assets. Exposure is the trigger for risk to occur. The characteristics of their weaknesses or vulnerabilities could then worsen the impacts of hazards to which they are exposed. Ensuring the safety of households and communities means addressing the realities of exposure and vulnerabilities.
The Barangay-level DRSSP framework recognizes that capacitating households and communities to identify their hazard exposures and vulnerabilities would lead them to identify their need for community resilience. Planning for resilience-building uses tools that guide the identification of strategies and interventions. Institutional support and continuing good governance among the various stakeholders increase the opportunities for successful implementation and sustainability of the building blocks that were put together by the community.
To enable the community to systematically build-up their strategies and interventions, the DRSSP methodology equips the community through capacity-building, employing participatory and technology-aided tools for research and planning. With the introduction of simple digital technologies, local enumerators and field researchers use mobile gadgets to administer questionnaires during household interviews. Members of the community who are more technology savvy learn to manage and analyze data using the Kobo Toolbox (a suite of tools for data collection developed by the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative for field data collection use in challenging environments) and Excel sheets. The stakeholders delineate layers of hazards, high-risk households and elements of vulnerabilities in the community that they are able to represent on Google Maps.
The BDRSSP framework encourages communities to engage with local governments of the barangay and cities or municipalities. Ownership of the process and results is shared with stakeholders who work together to secure policy and funding support from the Barangay Development Council and the City or Municipality Development Council. The BDRSSP timeline observes local and national government budget cycles, setting up the community for timely submissions that ensure funding for project proposals based on their formulated strategies.